Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in Cornwall of Great Britain and named by Martin. The element occurs within a number of mineral deposits. Rutile and ilmenite which are widely distributed in earth surface and lithosphere and it is found in almost all living things, rock, water bodies and soils.

The metal is extracted from kroll process. Its compound titanium dioxide is a photo catalyst and is used in the manufacture of white pigments and titanium trichloride, which is used as a catalyst in the production of polypropylene.

To produce strong light weight alloys titanium is alloyed with iron, aluminum, vanadium and molybdenum. The two most useful properties of metal is corrosion resistance and the highest strength to weight ratio of any metal. It is always bonded to other elements in nature.