Australian scientists have identified craters on the moon using ultra-high resolution mapping techniques.The researchers at Curtin University in Western Australia used computer modelling of lunar gravity and topography data to explore detailed basins.
66 of the craters identified were described as “distinctly visible” from a gravity and topographic view. Featherstone said that the dark side of the Moon is particularly challenging because Moon-orbiting satellites cannot be tracked from Earth when they are over far side.
The team is now planning to apply their techniques to new gravity data collected by NASA’s GRAIL mission, which used high- quality gravitational field mapping to look at the Moon’s interior structure and surface.GRAIL’s two satellites, named Ebb and Flow, were crashed on the Moon on Dec. 17, 2012.
From Earth and the Moon, the researchers have also developed an ultra-high resolution gravity map for preparing the way for landing missions.